Saturday, January 16, 2010

Emerging EDGE now

EDGE (Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution) is a specification for data transfer on GSM networks.
EDGE/EGPRS is implemented as a bolt-on enhancement for 2G and 2.5G GSM and GPRS networks, making it easier for existing GSM carriers to upgrade to it. EDGE/EGPRS is a superset to GPRS and can function on any network with GPRS deployed on it, provided the carrier implements the necessary upgrade.
EDGE requires no hardware or software changes to be made in Global System for Mobile Communications core networks. EDGE compatible transceiver units must be installed and the base station subsystem needs to be upgraded to support EDGE. If the operator already has this in place, which is often the case today, the network can be upgraded to EDGE by activating an optional software feature. Today EDGE is supported all major chip vendors for both GSM and WCDMA/HSPA.

EDGE features both a packet capability, EGPRS (Enhanced General Packet Radio Service), and a circuit switched capability, ESCD (Enhanced Circuit Switched Data).
EDGE packs up to 69.2Kbps into eight timeslots, for a total theoretical bandwidth of 473.6Kb.
GERAN (GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network) is the name given to the 3GPP standards for GSM/EDGE radio access.
EDGE is an update to GPRS. In turn, EDGE will eventually be replaced by WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access)

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